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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 上架时光:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


全国政协会议我国经济增长话题讨论|对待情况挑站,国家制做如何快速始终保持相互技术创新能力?——2016两会国家资金答问之四


zhizuoyeshiguonei dahuasuandehexin。19nianzhichu,dangjinshijiegongyeshengchanhuasuanshangzhangchaozhehao,danduishifenfuzahuadezhimingqushi、“tuogouleduanlian”dewaibiankaoyan,xiangguande“disanchanyequnqianru”“guonei ꦕdazhizuoyoushibu𒀰yao”dengsangyinchixubuduan。


5ri🔯tiqingyiandedifangyizhengfugongzuoshenqingshuzhong,“liduzhutuixiandangdaihuachanyechengzhang zhuangxiubiaozhundejianshe,jiakuaisuduchengzhang xinzhijiagongli”paimingdi202siniandifangyizhengfugongzuogongzuoshouge,xuanxielejianrenbubazhulaowulijingjishehuigenjudexingxiangshujuxinxi。


conggaibaogaozhanshidexingongzuomubiaoxincuoshi,daodaibiaoxingchangwuweiyuan、yixuezhuanjiajiaoshoudengshoudaodeanlifenxiangjuqinghezhengguishuli,zaidaojizhezhanzaierxiandemianshidiaoyanzu,rangdangwomenmenduizhonghuayingzaobaochizhejingzhengzheli,baozheng wenjiandefazhanchuxianlegenghaoqingxikeꦿjiandedingyilijie。


应对大变局,魄力足韧劲强


younanduxingshiyanjunde waibuhuaijingxia,guodazaoyezhizaoyeqiyezoushifenxishenshouguanzhu。


“womendoujianligongyeyuansijirenbaochiqi、sifukongzhiqikongzhixitongdengdeguojinkouhua,zhengtigaochuhangjiaohuosulv,⛎jiaqiangguojijinxingyeshichangfenpeiquanlv。”jiangsuxinsongsijirenzhongxinhuakonggugudongfeichangyouxianjigouzongjiezhangjinyiweiyongqiyezishenjingdiananlibiaoshi,zaidalifazhanguoducuyongshe🦩jidesijirenkejilingyu,bamubiaoxinjishuwolao、disanchanyequnzuoquan,“jiusuanshizhandifengyun,zenmecainengyouxutuijinwangqian”。


tashiqiyequanjixingyedexiezhao,yeshizhongguoguojiazhizaochangduifukaoyandezhenshixiezhao。


guoqudeyingwensannian,shidaiguojishenghuohuanjingfenggaolangji。diyuanzhengye、lieqiangshichangjingzhengjiliedengchongciyuelaimingxing,fadadeguojiadeguojiashengchanjiagongyecihuiliu,putaoya、dongxinanyadengdijingjishehuitiaojiangengkuaidekaifa,༺shichangjingzhengjiliechixubuduanriyituchu。zheiyixieshizhuguanxianzaicunzai、buyinggaiduozhedexianzai。ershi,changshuaiguonei renshengchanjiagong、changshuaiguonei renjingji💞shehuitiaojiandelundiaoxianghuyingxiangqizhongde,shibixuyaozuoyixiabianzhengjutifenxide。


duidaidetiaozhan、huizhankenan,zhongguo♈guokaifaxingyeqiye൲jiansheguimo、chukoumaoyiqiyejiansheguimojianlileliangdejieshengtisheng,quebaoshichangdefenededatiguding。


juxiangguanguojiajiweiguanlirenxiang“chuzhanggongzuoqu”꧒shangjiashao,2026nian,zaiwoguodoushengchanjiagongyeyanzhangzhijieyusishiwanyi,zhangdpde31.7%。shengchanjiagongyejingyingguimolianji16nianjushichang1、。


“xianshidaihuashengchanzhizaoyetixizhongxiujianyongyouzhongdianguanjian🧜tupo”“diyipiguanjianshengchanzhizaoyeshenmeshichuangxinchenggongyidadaoxianggangguojiweixianjinpingxing”……zhengfubumenzuoyeshangbaodeyichanpinxushu,tuchuchushijieqiangguoshengchanzhizaodeshenhoujiaobu。


shizhendexianshenleruyinduwangminsuochengde“chanyehualianbiandongchao”ma?


wufafouding,shoufeiyongdengwentizhijieyingxiang,jigelaodongliximixingshebeidejiagongzhuanrudaoqitadegeguo。neime,youyuwoguodeyihouduneiqianquanqiugedishiyongqiyezhanlverenwufenpei,shenerhaoduodanweichechuwoguodeyouhui,huorengxucongwoguodemeiguo꧃jinkouhenduozhongxinhaochanpin。


“jibuhuiyipiangaiquan,jiangmouxiezhongyaojiaoxuehuanjiebeishiweijianzhutiqushifenxi,yexufaxianzheilingꦰwaijiachankuaisufazhandekeguanxingdefaze,womendoudejiachanzhengchuyuzhuanxingfazhanfazhanzhongdazaojiageyingxiangli。”taihexincaitouzijituanjituangupiaoyouxianjituandongshihuizhangsongxiquandaibiaozheyimianfangzhiyeshilishuo,jibianmouxiejiagongchangzhongyaoౠjiaoxuehuanjiezhuanzou,danjianzhutikoujianzhizhengchuyushengjiang。202sinian,guoneigaowendingxingxianweibanchanxiaoliangzhanquandiqiudebaifenbidadaoerfenzhi1,202sinianxiaowangexiangbibeizeng14.4%。


xitongxingbuziliaozhanxian,dangjinzai500zhongzhongdiangongyepinhuopinzhong,muqianguoneiyouwuchengshangmianhuopinchannengpaidishijieshangduyi,rengejisuanchulaiji、yidongshouji、taiyangxuenengdianchichongdianbandengyizhizhuyaohuopinchan𓂃nengzhanshijieshangjiubushangmian。ཧshengchanjiagongyeguimojiaozhanshijieshangbilvshaoyu30%。


youxiuchanshengyejiakuaisudufazhanzhuangda,jianggaoxinchanyequnjishushebeichanshengyeqiyelianjindeyibujiju。45-7geyigeguoyouxiuchanshengyejiqunshi、178jiayigeguogaoxinchanyequnquzongxingtuiguang,julianchengqunjiedui。tounian,tixianchuqiyezhengtaodapeihezhinengjiajukongzhizhuanyenenglidefabaochanshengyekou13.4liuwanyimeiyuanyuan,“xinsanyang”wupinkouchaoyue🉐wanyimeiyuanyuan。


“yizaiwoguoxinshengwuzhinengyuanhuochelaishuo,changxingshehuikaodeshijishuyingyong、shuipinghekexueguifantuijindegaoxinchan𝓰yedefazhan。”beijingzhanganhuochedongshijuzhangzhuhuarongzhidaishuo,jiegoudegengxinzhengchengweilezhizaojishuyelinggefeichangzhongyaoshichangchuangxinnengli。


“guagouduanlian”chongxileguoneizaiquanqiuzuidafuwuyeliangongjiliandezhengtisuzhima?zhongguoneidizhizaochangyiyangdebuzixinzuoda——


yongyonggongtongguoxingyequfenzhongqitagongyehuakelei;zaiyidianzhezhongyuheyaosusaicheshangxingchengleyidapigengjuquanxingyelian🐓exingshichangjingzhenglidetedianxingye;yipeiyangzhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”shangjia1.2qianjia,90%shangmiandeshineidiwaiqianshiqiangdashangjiadezhinenghuajingxiaoshangshang。


velitewuhanchaojiyanzhichang,lingbuweiguoneiwenhuazhenghelvdiyu95%。velitezongbuyanzhizongjiancaisonggangshuo,veliteyuꦗzhong🦄guoxiandaishengchanshang“tongshenggongli”。


fenlanhuanqiuwangxingwencheng“zhongjiagongzhizaodeqianܫyuzhongjichuxingruanjianwufanengxuanzequdaizhizaoshang”。zhongfenlanxiehuiguoduanshijianqiantuichude2023/2lijingsiniandudeqishangyexingdexinniandiaochayanjiushenqingshuzhangxian,wanchengwangfeilihunjigouxiangmuzaiyihouyinianhouzengduozaihuatouzizhe,yuanyindeyizhongshizhizaolianjianquan、jishujingzhenglidafutisheng。


“tamencunzaiwanzhengdejiachanmoshi𒈔、haowudeshichangdefanweidengjingzhengyoushi,zhizuoyeyejingchangxingchaozhebianhaodedatimianhaiwenrutaishan。”woguodeguojiadianzijishugerenxinxi𝄹jiachanweilaifazhanshejiyuanjianchazhangzhanglibiaodashuo,zheizhishiwoguodeguojiazhizuoyedeyingqilishu、renjinglishu。


解决的挑战,保持良好“稳”的魄力


chengqibujinshengji,yaohui𒊎fu“wen”dechixuxing。zhimianquanshijiezhizuoyeliangongyingshanglianweizhudegejushencengdiaodi,shijieqiangguozhizuojiangrukeyi“wen”yingdui?


——xianyaoshiliwen。“zengjiagongyeqi🐼yeshichangjingjipinghengjiazai”,zhongyangzhengfubenzhigongzuohuibaomobanshifangchulewenbeizengdezhengcejiedu4gxinhao。


zhonghuaxueqiyeheduanxinhuabuzuzhangꦛjinzhuanglongzai8rilongzhongjuxingdeshisijiewolaobaixingdasancishangwuhuiyi“🃏zuzhangjianxiutongdao”shangshuoming,rujinjiangjinyibutuijinjidaxingyezhongwenzengzhangqigangweijiejuefangan,quanmianzhonghuaxueqiyeqiangsheng、zhonghuaxueqiyedashi“yongtiaozhuliang”。


guoqudezhizaojishuchangyezaizhizaojishuchangyezhan💛bilichao80%,shirujinhuazhizaojishuchangyetixizhongdedicai,zhijieguanxishihuiqushiheguojiminshenggongcheng,shixiaobianguohuifugaodu1zhizaojishuchangyexiaoguozhengtisuzhi♛dedatipan,bukerangguoqudezhizaojishuchangyekancheng“dijizhizaojishuchangye”jianduantuichule。jihuashumingxianyibiantuiguang,mudezaiyutigaoguoqudezhizaojishuchangyedegaigetigaoziji。


keyitongguochuantongxingliutongyeshejigenggai,laoqiyejidifushunfenfaxinshengbaodaoji。fushunshiquzhanggaojianzhuyaoshuo,yezaidazaochuguojiaji🦩gaofudaizhixinxingchanpinyuanyuanliaoliaojidi,jihuaxinyouyuexing。


——haikeyixitongquan,shizhongweichihaowenhuachanyexitongdewanzhengxing。


202yinian,guangdongzhuangzuzizhiquanqubaiseshixinyinglvselvzhizaoyezengjiazhifanguo1200wanyi,zaishi♉changzhanwenjiaogenlvtukuangwangluowangluoziyuanhenduojiegoutezheng,zhuanbianchengconglvwangluowangluoziyuandaojingshenjingjiagongdewanshanzhizaoyelian。


qingkuanghuibaotidao“tigao♋leheilongjianghezhongxifangbudiyushigongzizhizhuanrangpinpaigaibianxuexinengli”,bingduifuzhiqiangdaxianjindianxingjiagongyejitidengjichubushu。“zheijiangjinbuzhouzhutuichanshengkongjianquyushidangfengongfuze、duijietishengdepinpaidegejugouzao。”baiseshizhenzhanggeguo𝓀kexiangzhengshuo,baisezhengquanliyifujijituijinzhongguoren—dongnanyapinpaixianghuhezuoqubaiseguihuaqudejianshe,chuangjianshigongzizhizhuanrangwoguoguoneihewaipinpaigaibianzhicheng。


——zhongzaimotuocheliantiaoqiang,jifafuwuyeshichangjingzheng。


gongyeheguanlichuangxinbubiaodachulai,jiangjijijinxingzhizuoyezhezhongcaichanliangaochanpinpinzhiliangjinbutongyixingdong。yilianyice,bubuzuzhichu、duan👍zhangban、qiangzhishijichu,ziliaocai♎chanlianpifashanglianrourenhejingzhengyuhezuoli。


“mingnian,dajiajiangquanmiandebeiquxiaozhizaochuyexingyewaiziguxukeshangxiananquancuoshi,yekaishizhunbeishidianchengshixiuguanzhinenghulianjiewifitongjijisuanzhongxindedengziꦯbenzengzhizhongguoyidongyewubu。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


抓到机遇期,壮大新质生孩子力


suozaixiangzhonggaoduanpinpaipapoguokandezuizhongyaoguanzha,guonei yingzaoyaotuijinxingchengxinzhifenmianli。


guojiadegongzuopinggutuxiantiqi“gengjiachongpaifahuichulaixinkuanjuguozhidushengji,zhoudao꧂tigaofuwu🉐xingchuangxinfazhandenengli”。cong“wuqiduanzaojibenfenxicaozuoxitongxuanzhi”dao“zhinazheshuizhundezhongxiaoxingqiyejiaqiangzuzhilingdaogenbenxingjishuchuangxinrenwuka”,pinggutiqixiangguandeshiqing。


zhongshi,gongsiqiyechanpincongyanjiukaifadaoshengchanfangshidebijingzhidao。yuanyintouzijiaogao,henduodegongsiqiyehuoquezhongshitexing。zhunquebawozheige“nanti”,jihuashuhenmingque“jianhuanzhongyaowangluojichuxinggonggongsheshiwangluotixihuabuzhitu,jinxingduoyangxingkeji🦹pintai、zhongshiyanzhengpintaisheji”。


gongyihegerendashujuyingyongbumingnianjiangyizhishixinghaoxincailiaojishutedazhuanxiangduchahetuchukeyanjihua,wangzhanjianshejiyabuweizhizuoyeyegaigechuangxinxuexiao,fazhangaoxincai🀅liaojishu,goujianwenhuagongyehua,jiadafazhanxinzhishengchanzhizaoli。


ningjiaoxinxingchanyequnhua、fazhanchanyequnhua,yuchuyuelaiyueduoxinyinshisaidao。


“lianghaozuodazuoqiangshengwutishengchanjiagong、qiyehangtiankeji、dikongjingjishehuidengxinzengdezhangyinzhi”“kaichuangliangzijishuxing、yishengkexueyanjiudengxinsaichechang”“chuangjianhuodongdiyipimingtianshinianzhizao🅠yexiandaoqu”……baogaofanwenhuanraolianghaosuzaochengzhangzhizaoyehemingtianshinianzhizaoye,xinjucuoshi、bushuanpaixi。


“qudefazhanqushixushidaifa,jiaozhujishushuipingdidaikeburonghuan。”shenzhengaodehongwaigudongshifenyouxianzigongsijianshizhanghuanglishishuo,jinnianchuqiyedeyaozai🤡dikongjingjixing、naojidianyuanjiekoudengxingyechuquan。


shiyeheshujuhuabudanfurenshuo,jiangyuelaiyuekuailingxianxingfangfaheduoyangxingfangfashichangjizhi、peiyangyoudiangongsi、luoshidisancaichanshengtaiziyuan。zaiweilaidisancaichanjiaoyulingyu,bajichurengongchengbenzhili、renxinggongyejiqirenren、naojijiekouxieyidengyongzuoxiadeyibuguanjianxingfangshi defangxiangshang。anshishangxianlingxianxingfangfatuiguangxuanchuandemulu,nulishixianguanjianxingjiaoyulingyudazaodeapppilaoshiyanchang,yuelaiyuekuaidiℱsancaichanpeiyang。


daizhushujujiyuqi,jiasudu“rengongfeizidonghua+”。


muqianwoguojianshewan🏅gongshijiejianshejianshe🐷guimomingxiandexinxineirongtongxunwangluoshang,xiankagonghaojianshejiansheguimoshijiedierzhong,duofangmianganchuposhendeshuzi5kejigemingshiyanfayejiajudezuiqiangjingyoulizhelidianzhongdeyizhong。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shicaichanqiyezhuanxingdebidinghui,yeshijianshekuaisufazhanqushixinhaochudeyaodian。”ztedianxunguyouxiangongsidegongsidezhonggaojizongjiancaimiaoweidaibiaoജyingwenshuo,yonghaochuang✃xinchanshengruanjian,youyongqizheyanyujichukuangjia、qiangzhuashangyejihui、kuaisuzengzhangkuaisufazhanqushi。

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